The main objective of this course is to formulate the cause and effect relationships for the fate and transport of priority pollutants in surface waters. Students will learn how to measure a variety of water quality parameters to quantify aquatic ecosystem health, determine the sources of pollutants, calculate pollutant loadings, and determine the degree to which the pollutants impact water quality. In addition, students will learn methodologies necessary to quantify their observations into mathematical models and use them as a management tool to determine cost-effective approaches for effluent discharge limits based on the assimilative capacity of receiving waters. Real-world examples will include the Saranac, Ausable, and Bouquet Rivers, Lake Champlain, the Great Lakes, and other small river/lake systems within the Adirondack Park. Students will also get hands-on experience modeling a series of tank reactors in the Miner Institute Laboratory, which will be used to determine cost-effective environmental technologies for pollution control in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment facilities.